Cut Thread Weaving

Cut Thread is a bias weave done with individually cut strands of yarn.

Since the yarn must be tied off at each short side it always has a fringe.

  Cut Thread provides many design possibilites since every strand can be a different color or different type yarn if you want.
 I start off using a 5 ply multi color yarn but I decided to change the design of the weaving.
 The rest of the directions are done with a single ply hand spun wool/mohair yarn.

Please read all directions for double and single weaving before starting a project.

Measure the
short side of your loom.
My 18 inch loom
is 13 inches.


measure your loom 

Using two pieces of tape spaced apart on the table edge I measured and marked the 13 inches for the side of the loom.   They are the inside marks on the two photos.

I wanted a two inch fringe on each end and allowed another three inches to tie the knots.
I added three and a half inches to each side of the loom marks and marked for the fringe.
This gives a total of 20 inches for each cut piece.

Measure your yarn between the two outside marks but do not put any tension on it and cut.
Cut two pieces for each nail on the short side of the loom.


lay out and cut measureing

Measure the ends of two pieces and tie an over hand knot leaving a two inch fringe on the tied end.

       measure fringe

To keep track of how many pieces I've cut I put one tied piece over a nail for each 5 pieces I cut and tie.
If I was doing a complicated color layout I would put each piece over the correct nail as I cut the different colors.
This makes it much easier to keep track of what you still need to cut.

You can hold the yarn in place over the nails by streatching a rubber band between nails over the yarn.

To determine the amount of yarn you need multiply the length of one strand as measured above by the number of nails on one short side of your loom.

 Add extra if you plan to add additional fringe or crochet the top edge to finish it off.


                                                                  cut and layout
Two Strand Cut Thread
For the weaving I will use a single ply Hand Spun yarn.
  This shows how to weave with two strands together.

Hook the knot over the first nail on your loom above the bottom corner with one strand on each side of the nail.
Keeping the yarn untwisted take it across the loom to the long side.
Go around the outside of the second nail on the long side and down to the second nail on the short side.
Tie a secure knot under the nail. This will leave a fringe.

  first row

Second Row:
Hook another pair of yarn over the next nail up on the short side.
Take it across the loom and around the third nail on the long side.
Go over both strands of the first row.
Tie it off below the next nail on the short side.

row two

Third Row:
Hook a pair over the next nail up on the short side and take it across the loom.
Weave under the first row and over the second row.
Hook both strands around the outside of the nail and pull them through.
Tie off under the next nail .

weaving two strands

Continue weaving each row down from the long side
 going over and under each set of two strands.

Tie each set of strands under the nail on the short side.

When you get to the last row you will see that the loops formed
by the tied strands do not interlook and can unweave.

single and double weave

To lock the ends together you will need to weave the two strands seperately.

Hook your two tied strands over the corner nail.
Thread one strand in a blunt tapestry hook.
Go through the middle of each loop down the short side of the weaving.

Thread the second strand in the tapestry needle and weave through the loops
 going under and over opposite to your first strand.
Tie the two strands off under the corner nail.

Use another set of strands, hook them over the empty bottom corner nail.
Weaving one strand at a time repeat weaving toward the long side.
 Tie off under the top corner nail.

Your weaving is finished and you can remove the weaving from the loom.

Crochet along the top edge to help stabilize it and protect from wear.

end row for double weave
second strand
Back to the top

Weaving Single Strands
By weaving the strands seperately you can form a finer, closer woven fabric.

Measure, cut and tie your strands together just as you did when weaving with two strands.

First Row:
Hook your knot over the corner point nail on the short sides.
Take it across the loom and tie it off under the corner nail on the long side.

First row  first row

Second Row:
Hook over the next nail and take your two strands across the loom and around the next nail on the long side.
Weave the top strand under and over the two strands in the first row.
Weave the second strand over and under the first row.
Tie the two ends off under the nail.

second row

Third Row:
Again hook your two strands over a short row nail and go across the loom to the long side.
Both strands will go around the outside of the nail.
Weave one strand down at a time.
Make sure each strand weaves over and under the opposite of the row woven before it.

third row   third row finished

Continue weaving each row the same way.
continue weaving

When weaving one row at a time it is very easy for the knots on the short side to get pulled crooked.
So check them before you tie off each row.

All of the knots should be even and snug against the nails

You will also notice some of the unwoven sections of the strands will twist.

To straighten them pull the knot off the nail and untwist the yarn
then put the knot back around the nail.
twisted yarn
straight yarn

Unless you are weaving on a small loom or using a very long hook you will need to weave in sections.
Start weaving down from the long side only as far as you can comfortably reach.
Pull your strand down.
Move down a section and weave up to your yarn.
Hook the yarn and pull it down again.
Continue weaving a short section at a time until you reach the bottom of the weaving.
Then tie your two strands off and start on the next set.
straight yarn

It is also easier to use a pick to straignten each row after you weave it.
Especially when you are weaving single strands.

move yarn

Last Row:
When you weave your last row you will see that the ends are interlocked
 so you will not have to do a special row of weaving as you did when weaving with two strands.

You might find it is easier to weave the last few rows with a tapestry needle instead of a hook since
there is not a lot of room and it is easy to pop a knot off a nail.
finished on loom

The finished weaving removed from the loom.

I would normally crochet across the top edge to help stabilize it and make it wear better just as I would on a regular continous woven Tri.
I would also trim the fringe even.

I am going to join this small tri to others to make a larger shawl.
So I will crochet the top and trim the fringe after the large shawl is finished.
finished off loom

Combining the Single and Double Strand weaving

For an interesting texture, weave sections in single strand and alternate with sections in double strand.
Here I show how the two look next to each other.

If you use double strand weave for any part of the weaving along an edge
 you will have to do an interlocking last row.

Experiment with mixtures of different textured yarns, different colors and yarn techniques.
Try a twill weave.
Weave sections in the color order of a color wheel.
Have fun and don't be afraid to experiment.
It is just yarn.


Another Cut Thread Method

You can weave a cut thead by starting at one short side and cut each strand to fit 
between the nails from the long side to the short side.

 Tie the yarn off under the nail on the short side
Each loop will be shorter then the last.

Your last loop will be very short between the final two nails in the corner.

I have laid out a three color plaid. Repeating pink, blue and white with four nails of each color.

Starting with the empty corner nail hook the center of a doubled strand over a top nail.
Weave single strands down and tie the pairs off under the nails on the short side.

Crochet the top edge to stabilize it.

another Cut Thread Method
Back To the  top
Copyright Barbara A. Herdman